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  spend有花费;浪费;度过;用尽等意思,那么你知道spend的过去式是什么吗?下面跟着小编一起来学习一下,希望对大家的学习有所帮助!

  spend的各种时态:

  过去式: spent

  过去分词: spent

  现在分词: spending

  spend的用法:

  spend的用法1:spend的基本意思是“花费时间、精力或金钱”,可指人使用、花费金钱,度过时光,也可指某人、物、事使尽〔耗光〕力量、能量、弹药等,还可指人在某物、事方面花费金钱、精力、时间等。

  spend的用法2:spend可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,只能以人作主语,接名词、代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。

  spend的用法3:spend的宾语后可接动词不定式,表示目的,作状语。

  spend的用法4:spend的宾语后常可接以介词in〔on,for〕引导的短语表示“把…花在…上”,介词宾语可以是名词,也可以是动名词。以动名词作宾语时介词in常可省略,尤其在口语中。

  spend的用法5:spend可用于“主+谓+宾+主补”结构,主语补足语可由形容词或过去分词充当。

  spend的用法6:对于“spend sth+ v -ing”结构,语法学家认识不一,有人主张 v -ing是现在分词,在句中作主语补足语(比照本结构可用形容词、过去分词作主语补足语); 有人主张 v -ing是动名词,其前省略了介词in〔on〕。

  spend的过去式例句:

  1. He spent 25 years campaigning against racist and unjust immigration laws.

  他用了25年的时间与带有种族歧视色彩和没有公正可言的移民法作斗争。

  2. She spent a period of time working with people dying of cancer.

  她有一段时间曾帮助垂危的癌症患者。

  3. He'd spent his boyhood summers mucking about in boats.

  他小时候,夏天都是在船上浑打胡闹度过的。

  4. I spent lots of money on smart new outfits for work.

  我花大笔钱购置了上班时穿的漂亮新套装。

  5. His most prized time, though, will be spent quietly on his farm.

  不过,他最宝贵的时光将在自己的农场里平静地度过。

  6. We spent years travelling around in a rusty old van.

  我们多年来都开着一辆生锈的旧货车四处旅行。

  7. She had spent years trying to track down her parents.

  她已经花了好多年时间试图追寻父母的下落。

  8. Banks spent his national service in the Royal Navy.

  班克斯在皇家海军服过兵役。

  9. I had spent the intervening time in London, with Gretchen.

  我与格蕾琴在伦敦度过了那中间的一段时间。

  10. He spent hours throwing a tennis ball against a wall.

  他好几个小时都对着一堵墙掷球。

  11. In fact he could scarcely have spent his time more profitably.

  事实上,他几乎已最大程度地利用了他的时间。

  12. Cut down and compost spent cucumbers, tomatoes and other crops.

  将已收获过的黄瓜、西红柿和其他作物的秧蔓割下,制成堆肥。

  13. Too much time is spent worrying over that which one can't change.

  太多的时间花在了担心那些我们无力改变的事情上。

  14. He spent his adolescent years playing guitar in the church band.

  他在教堂的乐队里弹吉他,度过了他的青少年时期。

  15. The crew spent two days and nights in their raft.

  船员在救生筏上呆了两天两夜。

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