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  编者按:反义疑问句即附加疑问句,它表示提问人的看法,没有把握,需要对方证实,是中考的高频考点。下面是小编给大家分享了关于反义疑问句的知识点讲点。

中考英语语法知识点讲解:反义疑问句

  一、反义疑问句的一般规则

  先看一组例句:

  Miss Lin is from Tainwan, isn't she?

  Miss Lin majors in English, doesn't she?

  Miss Lin came to the States last year, didn't she?

  Miss Lin hasn't graduated, has she?

  Miss Lin will graduate next year, won't she?

  Miss Lin is not having a class at the moment, is she?

  从上面的例句可以得知反义疑问句的一般规则:

  1. 反义疑问句由“陈述句+缩略疑问句”两个部分构成。

  2. 肯定的陈述句 + 否定式疑问(如例句1、2、3、5); 或,否定的陈述句 + 肯定式疑问(如例句4、6)。

  3. 疑问句动词与陈述句动词在时态上应当保持一致。

  对于反义疑问句的回答,要遵循一个原则:就事实说话。Yes+肯定的事实;No+否定的事实。这是中国英语学习者的一个难点,在陈述句是否定句的时候尤其容易搞错。原因在于思维方式存在差异:英语只就“事实”说话,汉语是先对”问话“作出评判。例如:

  --- China doesn't belong to the developing world, does it?

  --- Yes, it does (=it belongs to the developing world). (英语只就“事实”说话。答话人不对“问话”作出评判)

  --- 中国不属于发展中国家,是吗?

  --- 不,中国属于发展中国家。(汉语先对“问话”作出评判。本例中,答话人先否定问话里“中国不属于发展中国家”这个说法。)

  二、反义疑问句的命题热点

  1. 陈述句含否定意义的副词(A组)或代词(B组),认定为否定句:

  A. He seldom works at his lessons, does he?

  They have never been there, have they?

  常见的否定意义的副词包括:seldom, never, hardly, scarcely, barely, rarely, little

  B. She said nothing about it, did she?

  He has few friends here, does he?

  常见的否定意义的代词包括:nothing,nobody, none, neither, few, little

  2. 否定转移与反义疑问句

  否定转移指本应否定从句,但却转为否定主句的情况。(点击了解更多)

  如果是含宾语从句的复合句,反义疑问句应与主句一致(A组);但遇否定转移的情况,反义疑问句要与从句一致(B组),这时,从句虽形式肯定,因否定转移的缘故实际上是否定的,所以,问句部分仍然使用肯定式疑问。

  A. I told you that there was danger, didn't I?

  You believe that God creates everything, don't you?

  B. I don't think that Miss Lin is having a class at the moment,is she?

  We don't suppose that he will be present at the party, will he?

  3. 情态动词表推断时的反义疑问句

  先看一组例句:

  1) It can be very cold here in winter, isn't it? (情态动词+动词原形,表示对于“现在”或“未来”的推断)

  2) You must have read the novel, haven't you? (情态动词+have done,表示对“过去”的推断)

  3) You must have slept too late last night, didn't you?

  从上面例句可知:情态动词表推断时,

  1)问句部分与情态动词后面那个动词在时态上一致,如例句1)、2);但是,

  2)如陈述句中有明确的过去时间状语,问句部分用一般过去时,如例句3)。

  公众号:苏北教育

  本文为原创文章,版权归作者所有,未经授权不得转载!


中考英语语法知识点讲解:反义疑问句

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