<1> 扫读文章,把握主题。

  <2> 扫描提干,原文定位。

  <3> 技巧辅助,水到渠成。







  Each year Ben is glad when school is closed on Martin Luther King Jr. Day. Ben knows that this day honors an important man, but Ben does not feel connected to him. However, the small-world theory (理论) connects Ben to Dr. King. Ben’s mom (0) has a close friend, Amy (1). Amy’s uncle, Mark (2), once met and spoke to John Carter (3), the son of President Jimmy Carter (4). Jimmy Carter knew Dr. King (5). In a way, Ben is only “five people away” from Martin Luther King Jr.

  The small-world theory says that everyone in the world is connected through a short chain (链条) of people they know. Another name of this chain is degrees of separation. Each degree is a step that separates a person from someone he or she does not know. There are zero degrees of separation between a person and the people he or she knows directly. This means that there are zero degrees between Ben and his mom. There is one degree of separation when just one person separates someone from a person he or she does not know. Ben knew his mom, but he hasn’t met her close friend Amy. Therefore, Ben is one degree away from Amy. As the chain continues, Amy’s uncle, Mark, is two degrees. John Carter is three degrees, and his father is four degrees. Dr. King is five degrees away from Ben. The theory says that there are no more than six degrees of separation between any two people in the world.

  The small-world theory has a lot to do with math. The theory assumes (假定) that each person knows 100 people. Each one of those 100 people knows 50 different people. Each of those 50 people knows another 50 people, and so on. When someone continues the calculation to six degrees, it is like this: 100×50×50×50×50×50 = 31.25 ×10 .This number is greater than 31 billion (a billion = a thousand million). There are over 6 billion people in the world. These numbers show it is possible that six degrees of separation could include everyone in the world.

  Does the small-world theory work? No one has ever proved it. Maybe the theory just invites people to think a little more about their places in the world. (08北京)

  1. Ben is two degrees away from ______.

  A.Jimmy Carter

  B. John Carter

  C. Amy

  D. Mark

  2.What is the meaning of “degrees of separation” in Paragraph 2?

  A. The chain to connect people.

  B. The relations between people.

  C. The steps of knowing strangers.

  D. The separation between strangers.

  3.What is the small-world theory mainly about?

  A. How far Ben is away from Dr. King.

  B. How many people one can get to know.

  C. How people are connected in the world.

  D. How the degrees of separation are set up.

  4. We can learn from the article that ______.

  A. the small-world theory works

  B. more research is needed to prove the theory

  C. six degrees are needed to know the strangers

  C. the writer’s purpose is to help people find out their places.


  Bob and Jim once worked in the same factory. One day, Bob lent Jim ten dollars, but then Jim left his work and went to work in another town without paying back the money.

  Bob didn't see Jim for a year, and then he knew from another friend that Jim was in another town and staying at a hotel. So he went there to see him late in the evening.

  When he got to Jim's room, he saw his shoes near the door. "Well, he must be in," he thought, and knocked again, and said, "I know you are in, Jim. Your shoes are out here."

  "I've gone out in my boots," answered Jim.

  True or False

  1. Bob and Jim once worked in different factories.

  2. One day Jim borrowed ten dollars from Bob.

  3. Jim paid back the money to Bob and went to work in another town later.

  4. Bob hadn't seen Jim for a year when he learned that Jim was in another town.

  Key: 1-4 F T F T


  Dick lived in England. One day in January he said to his wife, "I'm going to fly to New York next week because I've got some work there." "Where are you going to stay there?" his wife asked. "I don't know yet." Dick answered. "Please send me your address from there in a telegram (电报)," his wife said. "All right," Dick answered.

  He flew to New York on January 31st and found a nice hotel in the center of the city. He put his things in his room and then he sent his wife a telegram. He put the address of his hotel in it.

  In the evening he didn't have any work, so he went to a cinema. He came out at nine o'clock and said, "Now I'm going back to my hotel and have a nice dinner."

  He found a taxi (出租车) and the driver said, "Where do you want to go?" But Dick didn't remember the name and address of his hotel.

  "Which hotel are my things in?" he said, "And what am I going to do tonight?" But the driver of the taxi did not know. So Dick got out and went into a post office. There he sent his wife another telegram, and in it he wrote, "Please send me my address at this post office."

  Choose the right answer

  1. Dick flew to New York because ___.

  A. he went there for a holiday

  B. he had work there

  C. he went there for sightseeing (观光)

  D. his home was there

  2. Why did his wife want a telegram from him?

  A. Because she didn't know his address yet

  B. Because she wanted to go to New York, too

  C. Because she might send him another telegram

  D. Because she couldn't leave her husband by himself in New York

  3. Where did Dick stay in New York?

  A. In the center of the city.

  B. In a hotel.

  C. In a restaurant.

  D. At his friend's house.

  4. Who would send him the name and address of his hotel?

  A. The manager (经理) of his hotel.

  B. The police office.

  C. The taxi driver.

  D. His wife.

  5. Which of the following is not true?

  A. Dick stayed at a nice hotel in the center of the city.

  B. Dick didn't work on the first night of his arrival.

  C. Dick forgot to send his wife a telegram.

  D. Dick wanted to go back to his hotel in a taxi.

  Key: 1-5 B A B D C