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  编者按:在英语学习中,句型转换是考查你是否已经真正掌握语法知识的重要方法。你知道英语中如何将主动语态改为被动语态吗?下面小编分享了主动句和被动句之间的转换方法,快点学起来吧!

初中英语句型转换解析:主动语态改被动语态

  主动语态改被动语态的方法

  一.三步骤

  1.把主动语态的宾语变成被动语态的主语。

  2.把主动语态的谓语变成被动语态的“be+过去分词”结构;时态要与原句保持一致。

  3.将主动语态的主语改为介词by之后的宾语,放在谓语动词之后(有时可省略)。如果原句主语是地点名词,在被动语态中用in + 地点名词作状语。

  二.含直接宾语和间接宾语的主动语态改为被动语态时有两种情况:

  1. 把间接宾语改为被动语态的主语,直接宾语仍保留原位;

  He gave the boy anapple.

  →The boy was givenan apple.

  2. 把直接宾语改为主动语态的主语,此时,间接宾语前要加介词to或for。

  He gave the boy anapple.

  →An apple wasgiven to the boy.

  Her father bought hera present.

  → A present wasbought for her by her father.

  (注:一般在下列动词后,常在间接宾语前用介词 to,如:

  bring, give, hand, lend, offer, pass, pay, promise, sell, show, take, teach, tell 等。

  下列动词后,间接宾语前用介词 for, 如:

  build, buy, cook, cut, choose, do, fetch, find, fix, get, keep, make, order, paint, play, sing 等。)

  三. 带复合宾语(宾语+ 宾补)的动词改为被动语态时,一般把主动结构中的宾语改为主语,而宾语补足语保留在谓语动词后面。

  We call him Xiao Wang.

  →He is called XiaoWang.

  He cut his hair short.

  →His hair was cutshort.

  They told him to helpme.

  四.see, watch, hear, notice, listen to, look at, make, feel等动词后作宾语补足语的动词不定式都不带 to,但改成被动语态后都带to。

  We often hear him play the guitar.

  →He is often heard to play the guitar.

  They watched thechildren sing that morning.

  →The children werewatched to sing that morning

作者|Sunny

  公众号:初中英语语法知识点同步讲解

  本文为原创文章,版权归作者所有,未经授权不得转载!


初中英语句型转换解析:主动语态改被动语态

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