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   动名词,指的是动词ing形式的一种,想要学好英语掌握这个知识点是少不了的。小编为大家力荐了英语动名词的用法以及相关知识,给大家作为参考,欢迎阅读!

  英语动名词的用法

  1.动名词作主语

  Retelling stories is very useful.

  复述故事是很有用的。

  Her resigning surprises us.

  她的辞职让我们很惊讶。

  在一些句子中,常用it作形式主语,将动名词放在句子后面。

  此类句型有:

  It is + no use/no good/no fun/a great pleasure/a waste of time等名词+doing

  sth.

  It is no good crying.

  哭没有好处。

  It is no use fixing.

  修也没有用。

  It is great fun traveling.

  旅行很有趣。

  It is a waste of time playing computer games.

  玩电脑游戏是浪费时间。

  It is + useless+ doing sth.

  It is useless crying.

  哭没有用。

  2.动名词作表语

  Seeing is believing.

  百闻不如一见。

  My idea is making a plan first.

  我的想法是先做一个计划出来。

  3.动名词作宾语

  动名词既可作动词宾语也可作介词宾语,如:

  I haven't finished reading today's newspaper.

  我还没读完今天的报纸。(动名词reading作动词finish的宾语)

  I'm afraid of going to the dentist.

  我害怕去看牙医。(动名词going作介词of的宾语)

  4.动名词作定语

  I would like to choose a house with a swimming pool.

  我想选个带游泳池的房子。

  动名词的形式和特征

  1.动名词的主动形式:doing

  2.动名词的被动形式:being done

  3.动名词的复合结构:形容词性物主代词/名词所有格/名词/宾格人称代词+动名词

  She suggested us forgiving him.

  她建议我们原谅他。(作宾语)

  His not knowing English brought him a lot of inconvenience.

  他不懂英语,这给他带来许多麻烦。(作主语)

  Our only worry is George's overestimating himself.

  我们唯一担心的就是乔治高估了他自己。(作表语)

  I strongly object to your delivering the speech.

  我强烈反对你发表讲话。(作介词宾语)

  动名词与不定式的比较

  ① 动名词可以作介词的宾语,还可被名词所有格(或物主代词)修饰;不定式通常不作介词宾语,更不能被名词所有格(或物主代词)修饰。

  She is afraid of going to the dentist.(√)

  She is afraid of to go to the dentist.(×)

  她害怕去看牙医。

  ② 固定用法

  1)某些动词后只能加动名词,常见的此类动词有:admit,avoid,consider,delay,deny,enjoy,escape,finish,include,keep,miss,stop,suggest,give up 等,如:

  I enjoy dancing.(√)

  l enjoy to dance.(×)

  我喜欢跳舞。

  2)某些动词后只能加不定式,常见的此类动词有:agree,ask,claim,choose,decide,demand,determine,expect,fail,hope,manage,offer,promise,quit,refuse,resolve,wish 等,如:

  l decide to quit smoking.(√)

  l decide quitting smoking.(X)

  我决定戒烟。

  3)某些动词后面既可加动名词也可加不定式,常她的此类动词有:attempt,begin,continue,deserve,fear,forget,help,intend,learn,like,love,mean,need,prefer,regret,remember,start,try等,如:

  She cannot help crying.她不禁哭了起来。

  She cannot help to cook.她不能帮忙做饭。

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